There was a Great Horned Owl in Central Park on Wednesday. There are concerns by many Central Park birders that owl safety is being compromised for "twitter likes" and so I thought it might be good idea to wait a few days before posting these photos.
One of the adults was on the "nest" which had a plastic bag and a few twigs. Since a female Red-tail can take almost a week to lay three eggs, I'm not sure if we might see another egg so I've been keeping an eye out when I'm nearby. Today, I didn't get any answer to what's happening.
A Northern Saw-when Owl was in Central Park today. It may be an owl that over wintered in the park or a migrant. I was surprised to see one so late in the year. But I looked up the frequency of Northern Saw-when Owl sighting over the last twenty year in Manhattan on eBird.org, I discovered Northern Saw-when Owls are seen until mid-April, with late March being a peak period for sightings.
I've avoided photographing a specific Northern Saw-when Owl for over a month because I've felt I had to be too close to the owl to photograph it without disturbing it. On Wednesday, during a brief but at times intense snow squall, the bird was on a new branch and could be photographed from a safe distance. The owl was wide awake after being bounced around rather intensely by high winds. The tree was pushed eight feet by the winds at one point.
Tonight, as the temperature quickly dropped below freezing the Great Horned Owl held on in very high winds. What a way to wake up! It coughed up two pellets one after another. Otherwise it was tough night for owl watching, with the owl quickly going out of view at fly out.
Just when Owl mania seemed to be over, three species of owls were reported in Central Park today, Great Horned, Northern Saw-whet and Barred. Only the Barred Owl was easy to photograph from a distance, so I choose to watch it. It was calm, except when two Red-tailed Hawks and a group of Blue Jays were nearby.
Tonight was a standard fly out for Central Park's Great Horned Owl. It was quiet, went to three nearby trees and then was off into the dark.
Tonight, a very respectful small group of owl watchers got to watch the Great Horned Owl cough up a pellet, stretch, fly out, and then perch in an open tree near its roost. The normally quiet owl made a number of calls, which I learned from an other owl watcher, that it had done the night before. There was a response from what we thought was a person making an owl call, but then we heard a more realistic call coming from the northwest. I think we decided that it could have been wishful thinking, but it would be great if there was another owl in the park.
The owl then flew to a different tree, and then made a wonderful dive and ended up on a low branch within the compound of the Delacorte Theater before flying up to the scaffolding over the northern gazebo being repaired at Belvedere Castle. It then flew to a pine west of the Castle before finally flying southeast and out of view. It was a great night of owl watching.
Tonight, I think I had the Great Horned Owl all to myself. Tough angles to watch it, cold weather and a Monday all worked in my favor. The winds died down before fly out. So, the owl woke up slowly, stretched and then flew to a nearby tree. When it flew again after a few minutes, I quickly lost it in the dark.
It was so nice to see the owl have almost no disturbances from other birds, high winds or people tonight. (I was safely tucked far away and a fence acted as a natural blind.)
The Great Horned Owl was out in the open today in Central Park. As the temperature dropped, the winds picked up and the owl became active as the tree swayed back and forth. The owl went to what had been the roost tree of the Barred Owl after fly out and then disappeared into the night.
Tonight ended up being a special night. Two species of owls Barred Owl and Great Horned Owl flew out within a few hundred yards of each other within about ten minutes.
I watched the Barred Owl first.
Then, I choose to watch the Great Horned Owl, while other watched the Barred Owl fly out.
The Great Horned Owl did its usual "Owl Yoga" before jumping up a branch, and then working its way to a higher branch. It ended up being in a more open branch and flew out to a nearby tree. But then it flew to a tree across a body of water, only to return to a tree near the roost tree. It then went very low and ended up on a lawn after going after what looked to be a squirrel. Then it was up to a small tree, and then high in a large tree. Then it was a wide circle over water and I lost track of the Great Horned Owl.
I packed up my camera and got ready to go home after everyone else had left and something amazing happened. The Great Horned Owl and the Barred had a little fight in the roost tree of the Barred Owl. It was fantastic to watch them fight. It was very much like an American Kestrel and a Red-tailed Hawk fighting. The fight seemed to be just a territorial fight. One that wasn't intended to injure either party. I'd love on some future night capture at least one image of the interaction.
This wonderful evening was enjoyed by about fifteen folks. I doubt any of this behavior would have been observed if there had been a large walk with a leader used a flashlight and audio playback. No one should be allowed to interfere with an other person's desire to view natural avian behavior in a public park.
I saw three owls in Central Park today.
My first was a Northern Saw-when Owl. It was tucked into a pine tree and was asleep and relaxed except for two occasions. Once when a truck went by and once when a Yellow-belled Sapsucker found the owl. After the Sapsucker left, it didn't seem to be falling asleep, so just in case I had become the problem, I left.
My second owl was a Great Horned Owl. It was much lower down in a tree it had been using regularly. I could figure out how to photograph it without being right under the bird, so I choose to walk away.
My third owl was a Barred Owl. This owl was high in a tree that a Barred Owl had used over two months ago. I wonder if it is the same owl? It rested most of the time, but at least three times was attacked by Blue Jays and Tufted Titmice.
Tonight, I had the good fortune to do some quiet, respectful birding by watching a Great Horned Owl wake up, preen, fly out and spend 20 minutes with the owl after fly out./p>
I was able to do this despite of Bob DeCandido and his group. He used a flashlight on the owl while it was roosting, played owl calls and used a flashlight all across the rocks of Belvedere Castle to look for the owl. When his group arrived at the Turtle Pond Duck Blind just as I was leaving, he made a number of jokes about playing calls from all three species of owls endlessly. At least he reads my blog! Bob's little more than a middle school bully. While his bullying doesn't bother me, I do feel concerned for the birds he taunts.
My realization at the end of the night was that despite all of his heavy handed use of flashlights and audio playback, my evening was full of great, natural observations of an owl and I doubt his group saw little more than the back of an owl's head.
Ethical birding wins every time. I highly recommend asking any bird trip leader if they subscribe to the American Birding Association Code of Ethics and decline to take a tour with them if they don't. I still can't believe that anyone pays Bob money to show them an owl, when you can do it for free and have a much more pleasurable experience.
This morning, two mobs of crows converged on a Great Horned Owl, leading anyone birding in the area straight to the owl. The owl took the invasion of crows in stride, elongating for only a few minutes before relaxing. The crows brought with them a Cooper's Hawk who I've seen go after the crows on other days. May the bounty of owls continue into 2019.
(The two Northern Saw-Whet Owls that were horribly over birded on Sunday, were not found today. Tweeting an owl's exact location, when someone can literally reach up and touch it to thousands of people, isn't the best idea. While most of us have common sense, there are those who don't.)
On Sunday, the Great Horned Owl choose a roost far from everyone in the middle of a construction site. From way across a pond I could get a few photographs. While the owl was not bothered by people, a mob of crows did find the owl. Luckily for the owl, they only stayed for a few minutes.
On Saturday, the Great Horned Owl that has been difficult to view for the last week, choose a nice low branch to roost in. It afforded folks a nice view and a chain link fence keep people at a distance. It also had some of the best light we've seen this owl in. I stayed for the fly out, but wasn't able to track the owl afterwards.
On Thursday, I caught up with an owl in the northern end of Central Park. It got mobbed by crows and blue jays. It also got a visit by about 25 elementary school children, on a tour of the North Woods with two Urban Park Rangers. The children were on their best behavior and did their best not to disturb the owl. However, two younger siblings started to play in some leaves. This noise and not the presence of all of these people peaked the owls attention. I had noticed this ten years ago when I watched Eastern Screech Owls in these same woods. Owls are hyper sensitive to the rustling of leaves.
Also on Wednesday, aka Boxing Day, I got to watch a Barred Owl hang out in a open tree in one of the busiest areas of the park. The owl let out the loudest call at fly out. It was like a scream followed by a standard call. I can't imagine what I would have felt like as a young child camping, if I had heard this call!
Last Sunday night, I witnessed a circus. Robert DeCandido, aka Birding Bob, led an owl walk that included about fifty participants at Shakespeare Garden and Turtle Pond charging $10 per person.
The tour would have been fine, if Bob had the group watch the Great Horned Owl quietly, but Bob needed to put on a show to earn his fee.
So after fly out, Bob played Great Horned Owl calls continuously for over twelve minutes. Then when that didn't bring the owl into view he played both Northern Saw-whet calls and Barred Owl calls. When I saw that the Great Horned Owl had flown back into view, I let his group know where to look for the owl and I asked Bob to stop playing the calls since the owl was in plain sight. Bob responded by playing more calls, saying "Let's see if we can bring the owl closer" to his group. When the owl didn't respond to the playback, Bob led his group closer to the owl and then used a high powered flashlight to illuminate the owl multiple times.
The American Birding Association Code of Birding Ethics, under section 1. Promote the welfare of birds and their environment, states
1(b) To avoid stressing birds or exposing them to danger, exercise restraint and caution during observation, photography, sound recording, or filming.
Limit the use of recordings and other methods of attracting birds, and never use such methods in heavily birded areas or for attracting any species that is Threatened, Endangered, or of Special Concern, or is rare in your local area.
Many birders are against using any kind of audio playback. But even those who do use it, know to use it in moderation. Ethical birders know that using calls to bring in birds should be done with great caution, and especially so with owls who react strongly to them. A few calls, if you are doing survey work may be fine, but once the owl is in view or you hear a call be returned you should always stop your playback. To play calls over and over again is irresponsible, and to keep playing them when an owl is in view is manipulative.
In addition to the issues with the audio playback, there was no reason to shine a high powered light into the eyes of the owl multiple times. The park has lots of artificial light at night and one does not need a flashlight to spot an owl.
Sadly, the tour had many beginning birders, who were being taught all of the wrong lessons about how to respect wildlife. One should never do anything to entice, manipulate or harass wildlife. It also takes the fun out of it. How can you watch an owl's behavior if you are tricking it with audio playback or blinding it with flashlight?
Bob has been doing this crazy stuff for years. Thankfully, there are great alternatives to his walks from New York City Audubon, the American Museum of Natural History and the Linnaean Society of New York, among others. I would encourage folks to use tours sponsored by these fine organizations. When selecting a walk, I would suggest asking if the leader respects the American Birding Association Code of Birding Ethics, before signing up. Birding is a lot more enjoyable when you know the leader of your walk will do his or her best to respect the birds you are observing.
Luckily even with the circus, I was able to get some good views of the Great Horned Owl. Unfortunately, I was unable to watch any natural behavior, due to the audio playback and the flashlight.
On Wednesday the Great Horned Owl changed roost during the day, ending up just south of the Maintenance parking lot. It moved east after being harassed by a group of Blue Jays. (There is construction going on where it had been roosting for a few days. On Thursday it had gone back to that roost. It might be noisy there, but the other birds leave it alone there.)